The tragedy of the only German who did not give Hitler the Nazi salute 0The tragedy of the only German who did not give Hitler the Nazi salute 0

August Landmesser stood with his arms crossed and did not raise his hand to salute Hitler.

The photo of a man standing with his arms crossed with a determined expression, while hundreds of people around him simultaneously raised their hands to welcome Hitler, received a lot of attention.

Introduced into ritual by the Nazis in the 1930s, the `sieg heil` salute (meaning `welcome victory`) became mandatory for all Germans, as a sign of loyalty to Hitler.

This movement is performed by straightening the right arm and raising it up to at least eye level.

In 1942, Hitler explained the origin of this salute to close officials, saying that he first saw this type of gesture around 1921, in the city of Bremen.

`This is a form of ancient ritual left over, to show ‘look, I don’t carry a weapon in my hand!’ I made it the party salute at the first meeting in Weimar,`

According to a directive issued by the German Ministry of the Interior on July 13, 1933 (the day after all non-Nazi parties were banned), all civil servants were required to perform the `sieg heil` salute.

August Landmesser was the only person who refused to salute when Hitler attended a gathering in 1936, even though Landmesser was a loyal member of the Nazis.

According to Business Insider, Landmesser joined the Nazis in 1931 and continuously rose through the ranks of the organization.

The tragedy of the only German who did not give Hitler the Nazi salute

August Landmesser in 1935. Photo: Wiki

Landmesser and Eckler decided to apply for marriage in the city of Hamburg, but were denied according to the provisions of the Nuremberg Act, the law against the Jews, which had just taken effect at that time.

And then, on June 13, 1936, Landmesser stood with his arms crossed and did not raise his hand in salute even though Hitler came to inaugurate a new ship of the German navy.

In 1937, depressed, Landmesser tried to escape with his family from Germany to Denmark, but was arrested at the border and convicted of `racial dishonor`, according to Nuremberg law.

A year later, Landmesser was found not guilty due to lack of evidence and was told not to continue the relationship with Ms. Eckler.

The secret police also arrested Eckler, who was pregnant with their second daughter.

Eckler is believed to have been transferred to what the Nazis called a `euthanasia center` in 1942, and murdered along with 14,000 others.

After completing his sentence, Landmesser worked at many different jobs before being caught up in the war in 1944. A few months later, he was confirmed missing while fighting in Croatia.

The tragedy of the only German who did not give Hitler the Nazi salute

The photo is believed to be of Irma Eckler, wife of August Landmesser.

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By Hannah

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