Russian tactical formation used to pressure Ukraine 3Russian tactical formation used to pressure Ukraine 3

An anonymous US defense official said on February 18 that the Russian army is deploying 125 battalion-level tactical units (BTG) near the Ukrainian border, of which about half have entered tactical assembly positions,

The number of BTG deployed by Russia near the Ukrainian border has increased significantly since early February, when Moscow increased pressure on the neighboring country and the West to give in to its security demands.

BTG is the term for a modular tactical organization created on the basis of a Russian army battalion, coordinated with artillery, army air defense, engineering and logistics as well as air force and special forces when necessary to

Russian tanks practiced near Ukraine in January. Photo:

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said early last year that the country was maintaining 168 BTG, capable of being ready to maneuver within an hour of receiving an order.

Each Russian regiment, infantry brigade, and tank usually has three mobile battalions.

A BTG is usually built on three mechanized infantry companies, equipped with 11 BMP tracked armored vehicles or BTR-80/82 personnel carriers, reinforced by an additional 10 tank company.

BTG can also be attached to 1-2 anti-aircraft missile batteries, a company equipped with long-range anti-tank guided missiles, and platoons of combat engineers, electronic warfare and reconnaissance.

With this structure, BTGs possess a variety of capabilities to solve a variety of tactical problems that arise on the battlefield without requiring support from superiors.

Research by the US Army shows that the BTG model is very effective in quickly concentrating combat firepower at a specific point on the battlefield, burying the enemy’s local position with overwhelming firepower, promoting strong

`However, this force is not invulnerable,` said Forbes editor David Ax.

According to Ax, the BTG model was used by pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine during clashes with government troops in the 2014-2015 period, but was sometimes defeated despite its superior firepower and capabilities.

In August 2014, Ukraine’s 95th Air Assault Brigade organized a raid, penetrating more than 160 km behind separatist lines, attacking the BTG formation, destroying or capturing many tanks and

In an article published in Armor magazine of the US Army armored force, Captain Nicolas Fiore said that the limitations of the BTG structure were clearly revealed in the battle of Mariupol in February 2015.

`The separatists continued to attack over the next three months with artillery and rocket support, but were unable to penetrate the eastern suburbs of Mariupol,` Fiore wrote.

Russian tactical formation used to pressure Ukraine

Russian BM-21 Grad rocket artillery opened fire during a drill at the Totsk training ground on February 11.

Research by the US Army also shows that the BTG model does not have enough troops to protect a large area or participate in a long battle, especially combat in urban areas.

`This is the biggest weakness in the BTG formation. If a conflict breaks out, it can slow down the advance of Russian troops, even prevent an all-out attack campaign, even though Russian forces have the ability to control the area.`

Manpower is the main factor why Russia organizes BTG to take advantage of artillery firepower, the country’s traditional strength, while protecting its valuable resource, a well-trained professional military force.

`A Russian army regiment theoretically consists of three battalions, but in reality it can only form one BTG with about 36 squads of professional soldiers. Meanwhile, an American army regiment can form a similar formation with

Captain Fiore also said that in combat, the BTG commander will have to find every way to preserve his forces, because any loss in numbers is very difficult to compensate.

Russian tactical formation used to pressure Ukraine

Three directions of Russian troops around Ukraine.

According to Ax, in case war breaks out, Russian BTGs may have to spread out in fixed positions on the battlefield.

`These targets could include the main BTG deployment area, where command headquarters and other key intelligence and support units are located,` Ax said, adding that this was demonstrated in the

Ax said the above experiences allowed Ukraine to draw up a strategy to attack the weaknesses in Russia’s BTG model.

However, this expert warned that the raid organizers risk paying a high price even if the plan is successful.

US President Joe Biden said on February 18 that he believes that Russian President Vladimir Putin has decided to attack Ukraine and that the attack could begin `in the coming days`.

Clashes between government troops and separatists in eastern Ukraine are escalating.

Many explosions on February 18 were recorded in Lugansk and Donetsk, two separatist regions in Donbass.

Tensions between Moscow and the West began late last year, when US intelligence accused Russia of placing large forces close to the Ukrainian border with the intention of attacking.

See more:

– 5 questions about the Ukraine crisis

Four months of boiling Russia-Ukraine crisis

– Why doesn’t Russia mobilize troops with Ukraine?

– What does the US want in the Ukraine crisis?

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