Dangerous complications of diphtheria 4Dangerous complications of diphtheria 4

Doctor Huynh Minh Tuan, Head of the Infection Control Department, Ho Chi Minh City Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, said diphtheria is an acute bacterial infection caused by diphtheria bacteria.

Diphtheria is easily transmitted through the respiratory tract, through direct contact with secretions from the nasopharyngeal mucosa of patients or healthy carriers when coughing or sneezing.

On average, after inhaling the bacteria 2-5 days, the patient will become sick.

In addition, diphtheria toxins, when absorbed into the blood, will cause systemic poisoning, paralyzing cranial nerves, peripheral motor nerves, sensory nerves, causing myocarditis or arrhythmia.

Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria causes diphtheria.

According to the doctor, people who have been vaccinated against diphtheria or have had diphtheria in the past are still likely to be infected again because the body does not create immunity or the immunity decreases over time.

Some deaths from diphtheria may be due to not being fully vaccinated, especially children in remote areas.

To evaluate the effectiveness of diphtheria vaccination, you can perform the Schick reaction.

In Vietnam, before vaccination, diphtheria often occurred and caused epidemics in most provinces, especially in cities with high population density.

According to statistics from the Department of Preventive Medicine, in the past few years, diphtheria has appeared a lot in provinces in the Central region and Central Highlands such as Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Dak Lak, Dak Nong,…Cause

Specifically, in August 2019, a 7-year-old boy in Dak Lak was recorded as the first person to die of diphtheria this year.

`Diphtheria is a disease that has specific medicine so it can be treated effectively. Carriers of the disease who are not detected in time will become a dangerous source of infection for the community,` the doctor emphasized.

To proactively prevent diphtheria, families should take their children for preventive vaccination.

For young children: first 3 shots one month apart, booster shot after one year, next shot 7-10 years apart.

Note, do not get vaccinated when you have a fever but must wait for your body temperature to drop to normal levels.

Frequently wash your hands with soap;

When there are signs of suspected diphtheria such as fever, sore throat, gray-white pseudomembranous appearance in the throat, the patient needs to go to a medical facility for examination, early detection, and timely treatment.

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